La Residenza (The Residence) is set in one of the most beautiful, peaceful and picturesque parts of Naples, renowned from the days of antiquity - namely Cape Posillipo. The Greek named it Pausyllipon (i.e. "the place where pain disappearse" ), while the Romans built one of the most beautiful Imperial seaside villas here, now part of the archaeological park.
The photo of La Gaiola shows the beauty of Cape Posillipo with the two islets of La Gaiola that belonged to the Agnelli family during the 1950s, now forming part of the underwater park of the same name. This can be reached in a few minutes - walk from La Residenza, where it is possible to enjoy a snorkeling experience to discover both nature and history. Indeed it is in fact possible to see the underwater remains of Roman fish-farms and the "The School of Virgil the Magician" nymphaeum.
Near La Gaiola there are the remains of the Roman theatre and the Odeon of the Imperial Seaside Villa that belonged to Vedius Pollione comprising a vast residential complex of buildings extending all along the coast, today almost totally submerged underwater on account of the effects of bradyseism, currently the Pausylipon - Grotta of Sejanus Archaeological Park.
Down the coast a few metres from La Gaiola is the "House of the Spirits", and immediately afterwards Marechiaro with its famous "little window", a very romantic spot that inspired Salvatore di Giacomo to compose his celebrated Neapolitan love-song "A Marechiaro" . As we continue we come to the most famous of Cape Posillipo villas, namely Villa Rosebery, the President of the Italian Republic's residence, and Villa Volpicelli, the setting for the very popular Italian TV soap opera "Un posto al sole". ("A Place in the Sun" )
At the very top of Cape Posillipo, strategically well-positioned from a military viewpoint from historical times is the Virgilian Park, easily reached in a few minutes walk from La Residenza. Created during the twenty-year Fascist period as a memorial park to commemorate those who fell in the Great War, it offers one of the most spectacular scenic walks overlooking the Bay of Naples as well as the Gulf of Pozzuoli. From the lowest area called "Valley of the Kings, it is possible to admire the more spectacular part of the promontory with the islets of la Gaiola and the island of Nisida, where the remains of Brutus's villa are to be found, and where the most infamous conspiracy in antiquity was plotted by Brutus and Cassius against Caesar, who was to utter those famous dying words "et tu, Brute?"
WHAT TO SEE
- Submerged Park of the Gaiola
- The Cave of Seiano
- The archaeological Park fo Villa Pausilipon